Gum disease is inflammation and infection of the tissues supporting the teeth. There are two main forms of gum disease: gingivitis and periodontitis. Gingivitis affects the gums alone and is usually reversible however periodontitis is more serious and affects the bone supporting the teeth.
What is the cause of gum disease?
Gum disease is caused by plaque. Plaque is a film of bacteria which forms on the surface of the teeth and gums.
Are there other factors that contribute to gum disease?
Smoking is a significant risk factor, as is a family history of gum disease. Diabetes and some medications can also increase your chances of getting gum disease. However, the main cause for most people is plaque - caused by poor teeth cleaning at home.